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Spanish language suicide prevention

Hispanics have a lower suicide rate than other racial groups, and yet it is still imperative that there are prevention resources and suicide help lines in the Spanish language.

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There are more than 400,000 Hispanics in Indiana, and according to the Pew Research Center 63 percent of those Hispanic families speak a language other than English in their household. For most, that language is Spanish.

The National Suicide Prevention Lifeline Spanish line can be reached at 1-888-628-9454.

Nationally, the suicide rate of Hispanics is less than half the rate for the general U.S. population. However, suicide was the 12th leading cause of death for Hispanics of all ages and the third leading cause of death for Hispanic males ages 15 to 34, according to the Centers for Disease Control, so it is still a topic that should be on the minds of stakeholders and advocates who work with this segment of the population.

Most suicide attempts occurred before age 18 for Hispanics who reported having attempted suicide at any point in their lifetime, and Hispanics born in the United States have higher rates of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts than Hispanic immigrants.

When a community with an active Latino population is putting together a suicide prevention plan, it should make sure that it includes those strong voices at the planning table. That is the best way to ensure that risk factors facing your local population is mitigated, while the protective factors are increased. For government and regional resources that serve the Latino community around Indiana visit the Indiana Commission on Hispanic and Latino Affairs.

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